BEYOND COLLABORATIVE LEARNING - Communal construction of knowledge in an online environment

John Cuthell

Abstract

The drive for e-learning as a cost-effective and flexible channel for distance and life-long learning has focused on the benefits of a just-in-time delivery of content to the learner. The assumption is that knowledge is inseparable from, and follows, content. An obvious and important aspect of e-learning has been the need for online tutors to deploy a range of Soft Skills to support learners. E-learning relies on e-tutoring: the concept of e-tutoring embodies mentoring, coaching and facilitating techniques. In an online environment in which student discussion forums constitute one of the tools for knowledge construction the role of the facilitator assumes greater importance that of mentor, moderator or coach. The ability to facilitate a discussion or a debate becomes central to the construction of new knowledge for the participants (Holmes et al, 2001) In spring and early summer 2004 a group of teachers from diverse backgrounds engaged in an intensive course in e-facilitation techniques. This paper describes how they learned and were taught, and evaluates the ways in which an online collaborative environment enabled the development of the basic skills required for e-facilitation. The paper then assesses the effectiveness of individuals as both contributors and e-facilitators in a range of online educational forums. It examines the contribution seach made, and details the e-facilitation techniques deployed in various forums. Outcomes are measured against the input that individuals made. The ways in which the participants were able to construct new knowledge in the online communal context are detailed. These are compared with some other models of learning in an online environment: Cuthell (2001); (Salmon (2002). Finally, the paper evaluates the ways in which e-facilitation enables individuals to construct new knowledge, both with and for others. An interesting consequence of participating in a course of this nature is that perceptions of teaching, learning and knowledge change. Do these perceptions follow through into the daily praxis of the teachers? The implications for teaching and learning in a range of educational environments are identified.

References

  1. Holmes, B., Tangney, B., FitzGibbon, A., Savage, T. and Meehan, S (2001) 'Communal constructivism: students constructing learning for as well as with others', Proceedings of SITE 2001, Norfolk, VA: AACE. pp 3114-3119
  2. Cuthell, J. (1999a) 'How do you learn? An 11-18 developmental perspective', ELSIN 4 European Learning Styles Information Network Conference, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK http://www.elsinnet.org.uk/1999/a-cuth.htm.
  3. Cuthell, J. P. (1999b) 'The House that Strauss Built. D.I.Y. in Cyberspace: Bejeaned Student Bricoleurs.78 Computer Education. Issue 91 Computer Education Group pp. 19-21
  4. Cuthell, J. P. (2001) Virtual Learning Ashgate Aldershot
  5. Cuthell, J.P. (2002) 'A community of learners distributed cognition', in Karasavvidis, I. (Ed.): Journal of Interactive Learning Research. Association for the Advancement of Computing, in Education, Norfolk, VA. pp. 167-186
  6. Cuthell, J. P., Preston, C. (2005)'Teaching in ICT-rich environments - using e-learning to create a the knowledge base for 21st century teachers', in Leask, M. & Paschler, N. 'Learning to teach using ICT in the Secondary School, 2nd Edition'. London Routledge
  7. Salmon, G. (2002). 'E-tivities: the key to active online learning.78 London Kogan Page ISBN 0 7494 3686 7.
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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Cuthell J. (2005). BEYOND COLLABORATIVE LEARNING - Communal construction of knowledge in an online environment . In Proceedings of the First International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technologies - Volume 1: WEBIST, ISBN 972-8865-20-1, pages 529-536. DOI: 10.5220/0001230005290536


in Bibtex Style

@conference{webist05,
author={John Cuthell},
title={BEYOND COLLABORATIVE LEARNING - Communal construction of knowledge in an online environment},
booktitle={Proceedings of the First International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technologies - Volume 1: WEBIST,},
year={2005},
pages={529-536},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0001230005290536},
isbn={972-8865-20-1},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the First International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technologies - Volume 1: WEBIST,
TI - BEYOND COLLABORATIVE LEARNING - Communal construction of knowledge in an online environment
SN - 972-8865-20-1
AU - Cuthell J.
PY - 2005
SP - 529
EP - 536
DO - 10.5220/0001230005290536