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Authors: Thomas Kluth 1 ; Michele Burigo 1 and Pia Knoeferle 2

Affiliations: 1 Bielefeld University, Germany ; 2 Humboldt University, Germany

ISBN: 978-989-758-172-4

Keyword(s): Spatial Language, Spatial Relations, Cognitive Modeling, Visual Attention.

Related Ontology Subjects/Areas/Topics: Applications ; Artificial Intelligence ; Cognitive Systems ; Computational Intelligence ; Evolutionary Computing ; Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development ; Knowledge-Based Systems ; Natural Language Processing ; Pattern Recognition ; Soft Computing ; Symbolic Systems

Abstract: Regier and Carlson (2001) have investigated the processing of spatial prepositions and developed a cognitive model that formalizes how spatial prepositions are evaluated against depicted spatial relations between objects. In their Attentional Vector Sum (AVS) model, a population of vectors is weighted with visual attention, rooted at the reference object and pointing to the located object. The deviation of the vector sum from a reference direction is then used to evaluate the goodness-of-fit of the spatial preposition. Crucially, the AVS model assumes a shift of attention from the reference object to the located object. The direction of this shift has been challenged by recent psycholinguistic and neuroscientific findings. We propose a modified version of the AVS model (the rAVS model) that integrates these findings. In the rAVS model, attention shifts from the located object to the reference object in contrast to the attentional shift from the reference object to the located object i mplemented in the AVS model. Our model simulations show that the rAVS model accounts for both the data that inspired the AVS model and the most recent findings. (More)

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Paper citation in several formats:
Kluth, T.; Burigo, M. and Knoeferle, P. (2016). Shifts of Attention During Spatial Language Comprehension - A Computational Investigation.In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 2: ICAART, ISBN 978-989-758-172-4, pages 213-222. DOI: 10.5220/0005851202130222

@conference{icaart16,
author={Thomas Kluth. and Michele Burigo. and Pia Knoeferle.},
title={Shifts of Attention During Spatial Language Comprehension - A Computational Investigation},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 2: ICAART,},
year={2016},
pages={213-222},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0005851202130222},
isbn={978-989-758-172-4},
}

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 2: ICAART,
TI - Shifts of Attention During Spatial Language Comprehension - A Computational Investigation
SN - 978-989-758-172-4
AU - Kluth, T.
AU - Burigo, M.
AU - Knoeferle, P.
PY - 2016
SP - 213
EP - 222
DO - 10.5220/0005851202130222

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