This volume contains the proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Knowledge Management and Information Sharing (KMIS 2014) which was sponsored by the Institute for Systems and Technologies of Information, Control and Communication (INSTICC) and held in Rome, Italy. KMIS was organized in cooperation with the AAAI - Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, iKMS - Information & Knowledge Management Society, ERCIM - European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics, ACM SIGMIS - ACM Special Interest Group on Management Information Systems and ACM SIGART - ACM Special Interest Group on Artificial Intelligence. The main objective of the International Conference on Knowledge Management and Information Sharing is to provide a point of contact for scientists, engineers and practitioners interested in the scientific and technical advancement of methodologies and technologies for Knowledge Management and Information Sharing both theoretically and in a
broad range of application fields. Knowledge Management (KM) is a discipline concerned with the analysis and technical support of practices used in an organization to identify, create, represent, distribute and enable the adoption and leveraging of good practices embedded in collaborative settings and, in particular, in organizational processes. Effective knowledge management is an increasingly important source of competitive advantage, and a key to the success of contemporary organizations, bolstering the collective expertise of its employees and partners. There are several perspectives on KM, but all share the same core components, namely: People, Processes and Technology. Some take a techno-centric focus, in order to enhance knowledge integration and creation; some take an organizational focus, in order to optimize organization design and workflows; some take an ecological focus, where the important aspects are related to people interaction, knowledge and environmental factors as a complex adaptive system similar to a natural ecosystem. Information Sharing (IS) is a term used for a long time in the information technology (IT) lexicon, related to data exchange, communication protocols and technological infrastructures. Although standardization is indeed an essential element for sharing information, IS effectiveness requires going beyond the syntactic nature of IT and delve into the human functions involved in the semantic, pragmatic and social levels of organizational semiotics. The two areas are intertwined as information sharing is the foundation for knowledge management. KMIS aims at becoming a major meeting point for researchers and practitioners interested in the study and application of all perspectives of Knowledge Management and Information Sharing. As always KMIS is one of the three integrated conferences that are co-located and constitute the International Joint Conference on Knowledge Discovery, Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management (IC3K). The other two are KEOD - International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development and KDIR - International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Information Retrieval. KMIS 2014 received 99 paper submissions from 40 countries in all continents, of which 9% were presented as full papers. The high quality of the papers received imposed difficult choices in the review process. To evaluate each submission, a double blind paper review was performed by the Program Committee, whose members are highly qualified independent researchers in the KMIS topic areas. Moreover, the conference also featured a number of keynote lectures delivered by internationally well known experts, namely Domenico Talia (University of Calabria and ICAR-CNR, Italy), Sonia Bergamaschi (DIEF - University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy), Michele Missikoff (CNR and Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy), Wil Van Der Aalst (Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Netherlands), Wim Van Grembergen (University of Antwerp, Belgium) and Marie-Jeanne Lesot (Université Pierre et Marie Curie - LIP6, France), thus contributing to increase the overall quality of the conferences and to provide a deeper understanding of the conferences interest fields. Workshops provide interactive fora that allow for a more in-depth discussion of particular areas within the scope of the conference. We would like to thank the workshop chairs for their collaboration in providing this added-value satellite event of IC3K 2014 namely: 5th International Workshop on Software Knowledge – SKY (chaired by Iaakov Exman, Juan Llorens, Anabel Fraga and Juan Miguel Gómez). To recognize the best submissions and the best student contributions, awards based on the best combined marks of paper reviewing, as assessed by the Program Committee, and the quality of the presentation, as assessed by session chairs at the conference venue, were conferred at the closing session of the conference. All presented papers will be submitted for indexation by Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index (ISI), INSPEC, DBLP, EI (Elsevier Index) and Scopus, as well as being made available at the SCITEPRESS Digital Library. Additionally, a short list of presented papers will be selected to be expanded into a forthcoming book of IC3K Selected Papers to be published by Springer Verlag. Building an interesting and successful program for the conference required the dedicated effort of many people. We would like to express our thanks, first of all, to all authors including those whose papers were not included in the program. We would also like to express our gratitude to all members of the Program Committee and auxiliary reviewers, who helped us with their expertise and valuable time. Furthermore, we thank the invited speakers for their invaluable contribution and for taking the time to synthesize and prepare their talks. Moreover, we thank the workshop and special session chairs whose contribution to the diversity of the program was decisive. Finally, we gratefully acknowledge the professional support of the INSTICC team for all organizational processes.
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