This volume contains the proceedings of the Seventh International Joint Conference on Knowledge Discovery, Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management (IC3K 2015) which was sponsored by the Institute for Systems and Technologies of Information, Control and Communication (INSTICC) and held in Lisbon, Portugal.
IC3K was organized in cooperation with the AAAI - Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, ACM SIGMIS - ACM Special Interest Group on Management Information Systems, ACM SIGAI - ACM Special Interest Group on Artificial Intelligence, Associazione Italiana per l’Intelligenza Artificiale, APPIA - Portuguese Association for Artificial Intelligence and ERCIM - European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics and technically co-sponsored by IEEE CS - TCBIS - IEEE Technical Committee on Business Informatics and Systems.
The main objective of IC3K is to provide a point of contact for scientists, engineers and practitioners interested on the areas of
Knowledge Discovery, Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management.
IC3K is composed of three co-located complementary conferences, each specialized in one of the aforementioned main knowledge areas. Namely: International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Information Retrieval (KDIR); International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development (KEOD); International Conference on Knowledge Management and Information Sharing (KMIS).
The International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Information Retrieval (KDIR) aims to provide a major forum for the scientific and technical advancement of knowledge discovery and information retrieval. Knowledge Discovery is an interdisciplinary area focusing upon methodologies for identifying valid, novel, potentially useful and meaningful patterns from data, often based on underlying large data sets. A major aspect of Knowledge Discovery is data mining, i.e. applying data analysis and discovery algorithms that produce a particular enumeration of patterns (or models) over the data. Knowledge Discovery also includes the evaluation of patterns and identification of which add to knowledge. This has proven to be a promising approach for enhancing the intelligence of software systems and services. The ongoing rapid growth of online data due to the Internet and the widespread use of large databases have created an important need for knowledge discovery methodologies. The challenge of extracting knowledge from data draws upon research in a large number of disciplines including statistics, databases, pattern recognition, machine learning, data visualization, optimization, and high-performance computing, to deliver advanced business intelligence and web discovery solutions.
Information retrieval (IR) is concerned with gathering relevant information from unstructured and semantically fuzzy data in texts and other media, searching for information within documents and for metadata about documents, as well as searching relational databases and the Web. Automation of information retrieval enables the reduction of what has been called "information overload".
Information retrieval can be combined with knowledge discovery to create software tools that empower users of decision support systems to better understand and use the knowledge underlying large data sets.
The purpose of the International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development (KEOD) is to provide a point of contact for scientists, engineers and practitioners interested in the scientific and technical advancement of methodologies and technologies for Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development both theoretically and in a broad range of application fields.
Knowledge Engineering (KE) refers to all technical, scientific and social aspects involved in building, maintaining and using knowledge-based systems. KE is a multidisciplinary field, bringing in concepts and methods from several computer science domains such as artificial intelligence, databases, expert systems, decision support systems and geographic information systems. From the software development point of view, KE uses principles that are strongly related to software engineering. KE is also related to mathematical logic, as well as strongly involved in cognitive science and socio-cognitive engineering where the knowledge is produced by humans and is structured according to our understanding of how human reasoning and logic works. Currently, KE is gradually more related to the construction of shared conceptual frameworks, often designated as ontologies.
Ontology Development (OD) aims at building reusable semantic structures that can be informal vocabularies, catalogs, glossaries as well as more complex finite formal structures specifying types of entities and types of relationships relevant within a certain domain. Ontologies have been gaining interest and acceptance in computational audiences. For example, formal ontologies are increasingly used as one of the main sources of software development and methodologies for this end can be adapted to include ontology development. A wide range of applications is emerging, especially given the current web emphasis, including library science, ontology-enhanced search, e-commerce and business process design.
The goal of the International Conference on Knowledge Management and Information Sharing (KMIS) is to provide a major meeting point for researchers and practitioners interested in the study and application of all perspectives of Knowledge Management and Information Sharing. Knowledge Management (KM) is a discipline concerned with the analysis and technical support of practices used in an organization to identify, create, represent, distribute and enable the adoption and leveraging of good practices embedded in collaborative settings and, in particular, in organizational processes. Effective knowledge management is an increasingly important source of competitive advantage, and a key to the success of contemporary organizations, bolstering the collective expertise of its employees and partners.
There are several perspectives on KM, but all share the same core components, namely: People, Processes and Technology. Some take a techno-centric focus, in order to enhance knowledge integration and creation; some take an organizational focus, in order to optimize organization design and workflows; some take an ecological focus, where the important aspects are related to people interaction, knowledge and environmental factors as a complex adaptive system similar to a natural ecosystem.
Information Sharing (IS) is a term used for a long time in the information technology (IT) lexicon, related to data exchange, communication protocols and technological infrastructures. Although standardization is indeed an essential element for sharing information, IS effectiveness requires going beyond the syntactic nature of IT and delve into the human functions involved in the semantic, pragmatic and social levels of organizational semiotics.
The two areas are intertwined as information sharing is the foundation for knowledge management. KMIS aims at becoming a major meeting point for researchers and practitioners interested in the study and application of all perspectives of Knowledge Management and Information Sharing.
The joint conference, IC3K received 314 paper submissions from 53 countries in all continents, of which 17% were accepted as full papers. The high quality of the papers received imposed difficult choices in the review process. To evaluate each submission, a double blind paper review was performed by the Program Committee, whose members are highly qualified independent researchers in the three IC3K Conferences topic areas.
Moreover, the conference also featured a number of keynote lectures delivered by internationally well known experts, namely Jan Vanthienen (KU Leuven, Belgium), João César das Neves (Universidade Católica Portuguesa (UCP), Portugal), Giancarlo Guizzardi (Federal University of Espirito Santo, Brazil and Laboratory for Applied Ontology (LOA), Institute for Cognitive Science and Technology, Italian National Research Council (CNR), Italy) and Ralf Bogusch (Airbus Defence and Space, Germany), thus contributing to increase the overall quality of the conferences and to provide a deeper understanding of the conferences interest fields.
Workshops provide interactive fora that allow for a more in-depth discussion of particular areas within the scope of the conference. We would like to thank the workshop chairs for their collaboration in providing these added-value satellite events of IC3K 2015 namely: 6th International Workshop on Software Knowledge – SKY (chaired by Iaakov Exman, Juan Llorens, Anabel Fraga and Juan Miguel Gómez) and 1st International Workshop on the design, development and use of Knowledge IT Artifacts in professional communities and aggregations – KITA (chaired by Federico Cabitza, Angela Locoro and Aurelio Ravarini).
IC3K was also complemented with the Special Session on Text Mining - SSTM (chaired by Ana Fred), the Special Session on Information Filtering and Retrieval – DART (chaired by Cristian Lai, Alessandro Giuliani and Giovanni Semeraro), the Special Session on Enterprise Ontology – SSEO (chaired by David Aveiro), the Special Session on Research and Development on Business Process Management – RDBPM (chaired by Nuno Pina Gonçalves) and the Special Session on Information Sharing Environments to Foster Cross-Sectorial and Cross-Border Collaboration between Public Authorities - ISE (chaired by Rauno Pirinen and Fernando Sérgio Bryton Dias Marques).
To recognize the best submissions and the best student contributions, awards based on the best combined marks of paper reviewing, as assessed by the Program Committee, and the quality of the presentation, as assessed by session chairs at the conference venue, were conferred at the closing session of the conference.
All presented papers will be submitted for indexation by Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index (ISI), INSPEC, DBLP, EI (Elsevier Engineering Village Index) and Scopus, as well as being made available at the SCITEPRESS Digital Library. Additionally, a short list of presented papers will be selected to be expanded into a forthcoming book of IC3K Selected Papers to be published by Springer Verlag.
Building an interesting and successful program for the conference required the dedicated effort of many people. We would like to express our thanks, first of all, to all authors including those whose papers were not included in the program. We would also like to express our gratitude to all members of the Program Committee and auxiliary reviewers, who helped us with their expertise and valuable time. Furthermore, we thank the invited speakers for their invaluable contribution and for taking the time to synthesize and prepare their talks.
Moreover, we thank the workshop and special session chairs whose contribution to the diversity of the program was decisive. Finally, we gratefully acknowledge the professional support of the INSTICC team for all organizational processes.
Vol. 1 - 978-989-758-158-8
Vol. 2 - 978-989-758-158-8
Vol. 3 - 978-989-758-158-8